Overview of FCH JU Support to Hydrogen Production Technologies Development and Demonstration
Green hydrogen production from electrolysis and storage of energy in the form of hydrogen are two out of the five objectives of the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU). Since the establishment of the FCH JU in 2008, 53 projects have been supported on hydrogen production, distribution and storage, the FCH JU support amounting to 142.2 MEuro (17% of total support). All major production routes have been covered ranging from reforming to electrolysis, to thermolysis of water. Biomass routes like gasification of dry biomass and dark fermentation for wet have also been supported as well as photo-electrochemical routes.
Electrolysers have enjoyed the largest share of FCH JU support (30 projects, 98MEuro) going mostly to PEM and Solid Oxide electrolysers development and demonstration, as can be seen in the graph below. PEM electrolysers have received half of FCH JU electrolysis support (35.6MEuro) with four large PEM demonstration projects (Hybalance, H2Future, Refhyne and Haeolus) amounting to 35MEuro. Solid Oxide electrolysers have received 24.8MEuro for research projects as this technology is at lower TRL levels. Alkaline electrolysers being the most mature technology have received 8.4MEuro for Research plus one large demonstration (Demo4Grid).
The potential of hydrogen to allow sector coupling and help green industrial processes is the main driver behind the FCH JU support on electrolysers. However, alternative lower TRL routes for green hydrogen production will continue to be supported.